Albania, “el país de las águilas”

Albania

El nombre del país proviene de la palabra Albanoi, el nombre de una antigua tribu Illyriana que habitó esta zona mucho antes de la llegada de los Romanos. En albanés se pronuncia Shqiprija y es uno de los países menos conocidos del viejo continente.

Es un país montañoso,con frondosos bosques, lagos y playas al cual se puede acceder con el pasaporte y previo pago de una tasa de entrada al país que permita obtener una “licencia” de viaje por el país. Esta licencia debe ir siendo sellada por los agentes a la par que se cambie de región.

El clima es mediterráneo con veranos calientes y con inviernos templados aunque llueve bastante. En el interior del país el clima es continental y sufre bastantes cambios. La lengua oficial es el albanés aunque en los principales puntos de información turística se puede hablar en inglés. La moneda oficial es el Nuevo Lek (ALL) y se puede realizar el cambio de divisa en la mayoría de los bancos nacionales.

Típico pueblo costero

Como nota curiosa les diré que hasta 1990 Albania era un país oficialmente ateo. Esta situación fue así hasta que la Madre Teresa de Calcuta, nacida en la parte albanesa de Macedonia, obtuvo el Nobel de la Paz.

Es un país con una belleza indudable pero que ha sufrido los horrores de la guerra no hace muchos años, pero poco a poco está recobrando su espíritu y está haciéndose un nombre en cuanto a turismo se refiere, especialmente en el turismo especializado en países del Este.

En Tirana, la capital, podrán ver el imponente Palacio de Congresos, el Museo Arqueológico o la Universidad de Tirana con su gran parque llamado Parku kombëtar. En Vlora se encuentra la Mezquita Murad que data de 1542 y en Kruja los conocidos baños turcos.

Plaza de Tirana en la capital

Los objetos más típicos del país podrá encontrarlos sobre todo en los bazares que hay por toda la geografía y en las tiendas tradicionales. Las alfombras, sedas y platería son los souvenirs más adquiridos por todo visitante.

Y si a todo ello le sumamos sus playas, su naturaleza y la amabilidad y hospitalidad de sus gentes, este destino se convierte en uno de los que no pueden faltar en nuestra lista de viajes pendientes.

Escrito por | 5 de noviembre de 2007 con 42 comentarios.
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  1. Macedonia “juventud e historia” - Las Escapadas - 7 de noviembre de 2007 | 23:01

    [...] 35 monumentos llenos de historia, el lago tectónico más profundo de los Balcanes compartido con Albania y sus cálidas playas y montañas. Y en Bitola podremos visitar las ruinas de Heraclea, conquistada [...]

  2. Rubén Castilla Ángeles - 21 de abril de 2008 | 3:54

    Me gustaría saber el significado del nombre de uno de los personajes principales de la historia albanesa del siglo xx: Enver (Hodxa). Gracias.

  3. ROXANA MARRON - 27 de marzo de 2009 | 16:28

    uno de los personajes principales de la historia

    Enver Hodja o Hoxha

    (Gjirokaster, 1908-Tirana, 1985) Político albanés. Estudió en París y se afilió al Partido Comunista Francés. En 1936 regresó a Albania, donde organizó la resistencia armada contra la ocupación italiana y creó el Partido de los Trabajadores (1941). En 1944 recibió la presidencia del Gobierno. Dirigió el Ejército de Liberación Nacional que ocupó las ciudades cuando se retiraron los alemanes (1944). En 1946 proclamó la República y expulsó al rey Zog. En 1954 abandonó el cargo de primer ministro. Fue admirador de Stalin, imitando su culto a la personalidad. Favoreció la ruptura con Yugoslavia (1948) y con la URSS (1961) y el acercamiento a China hasta 1977.

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